Theories of Punishment

Sisyphus rolling a boulder, as punishment.

Author: Travis Joseph Rodgers Category: Ethics, Social and Political Philosophy Word Count: 995 Criminals are punished with fines, public scorn, imprisonment, death and more. Philosophical theories of punishment ask what justifies punishment, both in general and what justifies particular punishments. Most theories appeal to punishment’s effects on the future or facts about the past. This essay … Continue reading Theories of Punishment

Hannah Arendt’s Political Thought


Author: David Antonini Category: Social and Political Philosophy, Phenomenology and Existentialism Word Count: 1000 Hannah Arendt (1906-1975), born in Hanover, Germany, was a public intellectual, refugee, and observer of European and American politics. She is especially known for her interpretation of the events that led to the rise of totalitarianism in the twentieth century. Arendt … Continue reading Hannah Arendt’s Political Thought

John Rawls’ ‘A Theory of Justice’

John Rawls' A Theory of Justice

Author:  Ben Davies Category: Social and Political, Ethics Word Count: 999 Some people are multi-billionaires; others die because they are too poor to afford food or medications. In many countries, people are denied rights to free speech, to participate in political life, or to pursue a career, because of their gender, religion, race or other factors, … Continue reading John Rawls’ ‘A Theory of Justice’

How to Establish Social Order? Three Early Chinese Answers

Author: Henrique Schneider Categories: Chinese Philosophy, Historical Philosophy, Social and Political Philosophy, Ethics Word Count: 998 Way, Chaos, and Order are central to (early) Chinese philosophy. The Way is not a metaphor, but a natural structure to be uncovered by thinking and action. Chaos happens when people do not find a Way. Not finding a … Continue reading How to Establish Social Order? Three Early Chinese Answers

Mary Astell’s “A Serious Proposal to the Ladies” (1694)

Author:  Simone Webb Category: Historical Philosophy, Philosophy of Sex and Gender, Social and Political Philosophy, Ethics, Philosophy of Education Word Count:  978 Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) is established in the popular imagination as the “first feminist,” but another philosopher provided a systematic analysis of women’s subjugated condition and a call for female education nearly a century before … Continue reading Mary Astell’s “A Serious Proposal to the Ladies” (1694)

Feminism Part 2: The Difference Approach

Author: Annaleigh Curtis Category: Philosophy of Sex and Gender, Social and Political Philosophy Word Count: 1000 Editor’s Note: This essay is the second in a two-part series authored by Annaleigh on the topic of philosophical feminism. The first essay can be viewed here. As I noted in Part 1 of this series, strands of thought that arise out of political … Continue reading Feminism Part 2: The Difference Approach