Historical Philosophy

How to Establish Social Order? Three Early Chinese Answers by Henrique Schneider

Wu-Wei: Acting without Desire by Henrique Schneider

Plato’s Form of the Good by Ryan Jenkins

Why be Moral? Plato’s ‘Ring of Gyges’ Thought Experiment by Spencer Case

Plato’s Crito: When should we break the law? by Spencer Case

Aristotle’s Defense of Slavery by Dan Lowe 

Virtue Ethics by David Merry

Classical Syllogisms by Timothy Eshing

Is Death Bad? Epicurus and Lucretius on the Fear of Death by Frederik Kaufman

Dharma in Abhidharma Buddhism by Nicholaos Jones

Mengzi’s Moral Psychology, Part 1: The Four Moral Sprouts by John Ramsey

Mengzi’s Moral Psychology, Part 2: The Cultivation Analogy by John Ramsey

al-Ghazālī’s Dream Argument for Skepticism by John Ramsey

The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God by Andrew Chapman

Cosmological Arguments for the Existence of God by Thomas Metcalf

Descartes’ Meditations 1-3 and Descartes’ Meditations 4-6 by Marc Bobro

Descartes’ “I think, therefore I am” by Charles Miceli

Pascal’s Wager: A Pragmatic Argument for Belief in God by Liz Jackson

Social Contract Theory by David Antonini

“Nasty, Brutish, and Short”: Thomas Hobbes on Life in the State of Nature by Daniel Weltman

Psychological Approaches to Personal Identity: Do Memories and Consciousness Make Us Who We Are? by Kristin Seemuth Whaley

Mary Astell’s “A Serious Proposal to the Ladies” (1694) by Simone Webb

Rousseau on Human Nature: “Amour de soi” and “Amour propre” by Corey McCabe

Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason by Marc Bobro

Philosophy of Space and Time: What is Space? by Dan Peterson

Reason is the Slave to the Passions: Hume on Reason vs. Desire by Daniel Weltman

Idealism Pt. 1: Berkeley’s Subjective Idealism by Addison Ellis

Idealism Pt. 2: Kant’s Transcendental Idealism by Addison Ellis

Deontology: Kantian Ethics by Andrew Chapman

Nietzsche and the Death of God by Justin Remhof

Marx’s Conception of Alienation by Dan Lowe

Mill’s Proof of the Principle of Utility by Dale E. Miller

John Stuart Mill on The Good Life: Higher-Quality Pleasures by Dale E. Miller

Is it Wrong to Believe Without Sufficient Evidence? W.K. Clifford’s “The Ethics of Belief” by Spencer Case

Moore’s Proof of an External World: Responding to External World Skepticism by Chris Ranalli

G. E. M. Anscombe’s “Modern Moral Philosophy” by Daniel Weltman

African American Existentialism: DuBois, Locke, Thurman, and King by Anthony Sean Neal

Responding to Morally Flawed Historical Philosophers and Philosophies by Victor Fabian Abundez-Guerra and Nathan Nobis

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