Dutch Book Arguments

A mural of Dutch books on a building in Utrecht, Netherlands.

Author: Daniel Peterson Categories: Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, Logic and Reasoning Word Count: 1000 Philosophers looking to support a position about how certain we ought to be of some belief, given our other beliefs, sometimes take advantage of Dutch book arguments. These arguments show that alternative positions lead to accepting a series of bets, each … Continue reading Dutch Book Arguments

Philosophy and Its Contrast with Science

Author: Thomas Metcalf Category: Metaphilosophy, Philosophy of Science Word Count: 931 Philosophy and science are both ways of learning about ourselves and about the rest of the world. In this article, we’ll review the two main perspectives on the question of whether and to what degree science and philosophy overlap. This will turn out to … Continue reading Philosophy and Its Contrast with Science

Quantum Mechanics & Philosophy II: Measurement and Interpretations

Author: Thomas Metcalf Category: Philosophy of Science Word Count: 1000 Editor’s Note: This essay is the second in a series authored by Tom on the topic of quantum mechanics and philosophy. Read the first essay here and the third essay here. I. Measurement The story in the previous article in this series corresponds to real experiments about properties of … Continue reading Quantum Mechanics & Philosophy II: Measurement and Interpretations

Quantum Mechanics & Philosophy I: The Superposition of Paths

Author: Thomas Metcalf Category: Philosophy of Science Word Count: 1000 Editor’s Note: This essay is the first in a series authored by Tom on the topic of quantum mechanics and philosophy. Read the second essay here and the third essay here. I. Introduction: A Story I’m going to tell a complicated and counter-intuitive story.1 The real-world situations … Continue reading Quantum Mechanics & Philosophy I: The Superposition of Paths

Thomas Kuhn, Paradigm Shifts, and Academic Rifts

Author: Michael Zerella Category: Philosophy of Science Word Count: 1000 This essay will discuss the important role played by Thomas Kuhn’s characterization of the scientific method in prompting on-going tension between two prominent schools of thought in academia: realism and constructivism.  There are many subtle variations on these two schools, but they can broadly be construed … Continue reading Thomas Kuhn, Paradigm Shifts, and Academic Rifts

Karl Popper and Falsificationism

Author: Michael Zerella Category: Philosophy of Science Word Count: 1000 “A million successful experiments cannot prove a theory correct, but one failed experiment can prove a theory wrong.” Perhaps you’ve heard someone use this cliché to describe the scientific method as a tough-minded and unsentimental pursuit of an accurate understanding of nature. The sentiment has … Continue reading Karl Popper and Falsificationism