This essay is an introduction to what arguments are and how they can be good or bad.
Category: Logic & Reasoning
Modal Logic: Axioms and Systems for Alethic Modal Logic
An introduction to the axioms and systems for alethic modal logic.
Contemporary syllogisms are part of modern day quantificational logic, which is widely regarded as an improvement upon the approach originally described by Aristotle about 2,400 years ago. This essay discusses the contemporary approach to syllogisms.
This essay introduces the classical Aristotelian approach to syllogisms.
Formal Logic: Symbolizing Arguments in Quantificational or Predicate Logic
Author: Timothy Eshing Category: Logic and Reasoning Word count: 1000 Editor’s note: for many readers, this essay would be more profitably read after reading Formal Logic: Symbolizing Arguments in Sentential Logic by Thomas Metcalf. There are many varieties of formal logic of varying complexity. Here we survey one that’s somewhat more complex than sentential or … Continue reading Formal Logic: Symbolizing Arguments in Quantificational or Predicate Logic
This essay is an introduction to Bayesianism. Bayesianism says that degrees of belief or justification can be represented by probabilities, and that we can assess the rationality of degrees of belief — of credences — by seeing whether they follow a certain set of rules.
Is it Wrong to Believe Without Sufficient Evidence? W.K. Clifford’s “The Ethics of Belief”
An introduction to W.K. Clifford’s “The Ethics of Belief.”
Indoctrination: What is it to Indoctrinate Someone?
An introduction to the concept of indoctrination or what it is to indoctrinate someone, and whether that's problematic or bad or not.
Critical Thinking: What is it to be a Critical Thinker?
An introduction to the theory and practice of critical thinking: what is it to be a critical thinker?
Formal Logic: Symbolizing Arguments in Sentential Logic
An introduction to sentential logic or symbolic logic.