Author: John Ramsey Categories: Historical Philosophy, Ethics, Chinese Philosophy Word Count: 988 Editor’s Note: This essay is the first in a two-part series authored by John on the topic of Mengzi’s moral psychology. The second essay is here. Mengzi (372–289 BCE), or Mencius, an early Confucian whose thinking is represented in the eponymous Mengzi, argues … Continue reading Mengzi’s Moral Psychology, Part 1: The Four Moral Sprouts
Author: Nathan Nobis Category: Ethics, Philosophy of Education Word count: 995 Grades on assignments and tests are reliable, yet imperfect, indicators of students’ knowledge and understanding of a subject matter. Overall course grades are also often influenced by students’ complying with class procedures: e.g., if attendance and participation are required, then students who rarely attend … Continue reading Ethics and “Extra Credit”
Author: Chelsea Haramia Category: Ethics Word Count: 855 1. What Applied Ethicists Do The modern-day, direct study of applied ethics arguably began with Judith Jarvis Thomson’s 1971 article “A Defense of Abortion.”1 Thomson argued that it is permissible to have an abortion even if the fetus is a person with a right to life. Given that many … Continue reading Applied Ethics
Author: Ryan Jenkins Category: Historical Philosophy, Metaphysics, Ethics Word Count: 938 You have often heard it said that the Form of the Good is the greatest thing to learn about, and that it is by their relation to it that just things and [other virtuous things] become useful and beneficial (Republic, 505a). Plato’s Republic is a wide-ranging tract, admired for … Continue reading Plato’s Form of the Good
Abortion involves the intentional killing of a human being. Killing human beings is often deeply wrong, so is abortion wrong? If so, when? And why?
Ethical realists say that ethical claims such as these are objectively true: their truth does not depend on anyone’s particular opinions, beliefs, preferences, or characteristics. But what are the good reasons for accepting ethical realism?
The general idea of alienation is simple: Something is alienating when what is (or should be) familiar and connected comes to seem foreign or disconnected. So if work in a capitalist society inhibits the realization of our species-being, then work is to that extent alienating.